The US Navy
The British forces were well equipped for aqueous warfare and threatened colonial trade and waterfront territories in the new American colonies. British ships regularly delivered supplies to their forces in America to fuel the fight against the revolutionary Americans who were struggling for their independence.
Many colonists spoke out on behalf of creating an American naval force, including John Adams but Congress was hesitant to undertake the expense of creating a Navy until on the 5th of October 1775, it was discovered that 2 unprotected British ships were enroute to Quebec bringing supplies to British troops. Congress decided that sea craft would be sent from Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut to ambush the forthcoming British ships. Congress also began planning for 2 armed ships that would interfere with any future ships’ approach.
On the 13th of October 1775, George Washington notified Congress that he had arranged and commanded 3 schooner ships, which were fully manned and armed. Congress could no longer refuse to approve the formation of an American Navy. Congress soon formed a Naval Committee to oversee obtaining and preparing seafaring vessels and their operations.
On the 13th of October 1775, the Continental Navy was officially born. During the War of Independence, the Navy consisted of only 50 ships, yet successfully overtook some 200 British ships. After the war, the Navy was disbanded until a permanent Department of the Navy was formed by Congress on the 30th of April 1798.
Today, the US Navy is the largest naval force in the world and boasts 11 supercarrier ships. The US Navy adheres to its core values of “Honor, Courage and Commitment” and keeps the world’s waterways free and safe.
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